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Lockheed L188A Electra II
1962-1992

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On September 2, 1962 landed in Brazil VARIG's first Electra II VARIG, PP-VJM. More four units arrived in 1962 also and were used in domestic lines as Sao Paulo - Rio de Janeiro - Recife - Fortaleza and Sao Paulo - Rio de Janeiro - Manaus. Electra II also were used in Rio - New York route, complementing Boeing 707 and Caravelle, doing Sao Paulo - Rio de Janeiro - Belem - Port of Spain - Santo Domingo - New York route weekly. For some time these aircraft also performed the "Flight of Friendship" linking Rio de Janeiro to Lisbon with a stop in Recife and Sal. The first flight to Lisbon was inaugurated by PP-VJO, on November 22, 1965.
Due it success among passengers, VARIG acquired more units between 1968 and 1970. The PP-VLA and PP-VLB were convertible (could be configured to cargo or passengers). Those two units operated cargo flights for a short time, especially to Manaus, but were soon converted to passenger.
Electra II flew on Rio-São Paulo air shuttle from September 1962 to January 6, 1992, rendering almost thirty years of services in this line. From 1975 to 1987 those aircraft were the only ones to operate Rio-São Paulo air shuttle, the second busiest route in the world (the first is New York-Washington, in the United States). In 80s and 90s a total of fourteen aircraft performed the Rio - Sao Paulo line. This route was a pool offered by other airlines, thus some Electras II (PP-VJN, PP-VJU, PP-VJE and PP-VLC) adopted a basic painting, without the airline name and logo. The Electra II were also famous for its "Lounge" at the end of passengers cabin, with 7 seats.
The PP-VJM, first turboprop acquired in 1962, made the last flight of Electra in Brazil on January 6, 1992. The aircraft is exposed in Campos dos Afonsos Aerospace Museum in Rio de Janeiro.


 

Operated units

15

Constructor

Lockheed Aircraft &; Corp., United States

Engine

Four Allison 501-D13A with 3.750 pounds of thrust

Wingspread

99 feet

Length

104,49 feet

Height

32,74 feet

Cruising speed

403,91 miles/hr.

Flight reach

2,796 miles

Maximum flight altitude

29,529 feet

Cruising radius

07h 30min

Empty aircraft weight

82,513 pounds

Maximum take-off weight

121,839 pounds

Technical crew

03 (2 pilots, 1 flight mechanic)

Maximum number of passengers (VARIG’s configuration)

90

Maximum capacity of fuel tank

4,606 gallons

Normal consumption

557,42 gallons

Take-off fuel consumption

710,23 gallons

 

 

 

 

 

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