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Lockheed L1049G "Super G Constellation"
1955-1967

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On July, 1955 VARIG started flying to the USA, inaugurating its first intercontinental line, with three aircraft Lockheed L-1049 G Super Constellation, PP-VDA, PP-VDB and PP-VDC. VARIG's first flight to the USA occurred on August 02, 1955 and covered Buenos Aires, Montevideo, Porto Alegre, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Belém, Trujilho and New York, initially with two weekly flights.
With those aircrafts VARIG developed its onboard and land experience services, establishing a new milestone in Brazil’s commercial aviation progress. But it was not all glamor and charm, Constellation’s propellers frequently breakdown and it was known as "the best tri-propellers in the world".
VARIG's fourth Super G Constellation, PP-VDD, arrived on November 18, 1957, followed by PP-VDE on December 11, 1957 and PP-VDF on January 17, 1958. Those three new units had a longest nose and "tip-tanks" (extra fuel tanks on the wingtips), allowing a greater range. Thus flights to New York were made with one stop onyl, in Port of Spain or Trujillo, depending on the winds.
In 1961, after purchase Real-Aerovias-Nacional, VARIG added three Super H Constellation to its fleet. They were converted to freighters and subsequently sold.
With the arrival of Caravelle and Boeing 707, Super G Constellation began operating on domestic routes. In June 1967 PP-VDB, PP-VDC and PP-VDE were dismantled in Porto Alegre, while PP-VDD was dismantled in São Paulo. PP-EDV was sold and PP-VDA was lost in an accident.

VARIG's Super G Constellation:
First Class:
38 seats (2+2)
Turist Class:
15 seats (3+2)
Living Room: 10 seats

 

Operated units

09

Constructor

Lockheed Aircraft Corp., USA

Model

Lockheed L-1049 G Super Constellation

Engine

four Curtiss Wrigth composed turbo 3400 HP each (18 cylinders air cooling system)

Wingspread

123 feet

Length

113,58 feet

Height

24,77 feet

Cruising speed

329,34 miles/hr.

Flight reach

3,100 miles

Maximum flight altitude

25,001 feet

Empty aircraft weight

72,932 pounds

Maximum take-off weight

38,705 pounds

Technical crew

05 (2 pilots, 1 flight mechanic, 1 navigator and 1 radio telegraph operator)

Maximum number of passengers

99

Maximum number of passengers (VARIG’s configuration)

63

Minimum runway length

3,937 feet

Minimum landing strip length

3,937 feet

 

 

 

 

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